Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal disorder common among women during their childbearing years. Women with PCOS may have infrequent menstrual periods or excess male hormone levels. Due to this hormone imbalance its harder for them to get pregnant.
PCOS also causes excess hair growth on the face and body. It can also lead to long terms health problems like diabetes and heart disease.
PCOS is a group of symptoms that affects the ovaries and ovulation. The main features of PCOS are
Cyst in ovaries
High Level of male hormones
Irregular or skipped periods
Symptoms of PCOS
Symptoms may vary. Some women start developing the symptoms around the time of their first periods while others discover after they have trouble getting pregnant.
The most common PCOS symptoms are
Darkening the skin
How PCOS affects the body
Infertility => Women with irregular periods don’t release as many eggs to be fertilised. PCOS is one of the leading causes of infertility in women.
Metabolic Syndrome => Women with PCOS are overweight. Both obesity and PCOS increase the risk of high blood sugar, high blood pressure, high the level of cholesterol. Together these factors are called metabolic syndrome.
Sleep Disorder =>It is common in women who are overweight. Women with PCOS the risk is 5 to 10 times higher than those PCOS.
Depression => PCOS end up experiencing depression and anxiety.
PCOS Diagnosis => PCOS can be diagnosed if women have at least two of three main symptoms.
High androgen level
Cysts in the ovaries
A pelvic exam, blood tests, and ultrasound can confirm the diagnosis.
PCOS Treatment =>
Treatment for PCOS usually starts with lifestyle changes like weight loss, diet, and exercise.
Weight loss can improve your menstrual cycle and improve PCOS symptoms. Any diet that helps you lose weight can help your condition. Research has found that 30nminutes of exercise at least three days a week can help women with PCOS lose weight.
Healthy eating habits and regular physical activity can help relieve PCOS related symptoms.
The type of medicines that treat PCOS includes
Hormonal birth control, including the pill
Anti – androgen medicines
These medicines block the effects of androgens and can help reduce scalp hair loss, facial and body hair – growth, and acne.
Metformin improves insulin’s ability to lower your blood sugar and can lower both insulin and androgen levels. Metformin has other positive effects including lowering body mass and improve cholesterol levels.